Learn through Instruction and Practice

Instruction covers 5 levels of difficulty. Explanations, video cases, examples, reflections, and practice with feedback are arranged from simple to complex (basic to expert levels). This instruction is designed primarily for university students and advanced high school students.

We advise you to complete all levels of instruction and try practice tests before you take a Certification Test; and view plagiarism patterns associated with your mistakes. If you do, you are about 6.6 times more likely to pass a Certification Test, when compared with those who ignore this instruction, practice, and feedback on their misunderstandings.

Click or touch Basic Level below, and then proceed to more difficult levels.

Basic Level: Recognize the basic difference between:

  • avoiding plagiarism, and
  • committing plagiarism.

Novice Level: When one source is used, recognize a proper quotation from an improper quotation:

  • a proper quotation of someone else's words, and
  • provision of the appropriate citation and reference.

Intermediate Level: When one source is used, recognize a proper paraphrase from an improper paraphrase:

  • a proper paraphrase of someone else's words, and
  • provision of the appropriate citation and reference.

Advanced Level: When one source is used, recognize various combinations of:

  • proper/improper paraphrasing, and
  • proper/improper quotations.

Expert Level: Put it all together. When two or more sources are used, recognize various combinations of:

  • proper/improper paraphrasing,
  • proper/improper quotations, and
  • misleading or careless writing.

Additional Resources for Learning

Next: Overview of Basic Level