Instruction: Examples for Expert Level
Word-for-word and paraphrasing plagiarism from two or more sources, and how to fix the plagiarism.
Click to watch the video for each example below.
Example 1. When summarizing ideas from three different sources in a paragraph.
Example 2. When paraphrasing from one source and quoting from a different source.
If interested, here is the entire paper for the demostration examples in Tasks 1-5 that contains proper citations for word-for-word quotations and paraphrasing of other authors' works, and also includes the full references at the end:
- with color-coding of elements (direct quotes, paraphrasing, etc.)
- without color coding (as would normally appear in the paper)
Paraphrasing plagiarism can occur when the writing contains a mixture of the writer's own ideas and the ideas of others. The way to make clear whose ideas are whose is to tell the reader explicitly when there is a shift from one source to another. This should be done by properly citing the source in the first sentence of the paraphrase. It is unneccessary to cite remaining sentences of the paraphrase, as long as it is clear that the source remains the same.
A further tactic used by plagiarizers occurs when they summarize someone else's ideas and include a direction quotation of their words. A reader cannot tell which is which when the writer omits quotation marks around the quoted words and provides no locater in the citation. The paragraph appears to the reader as proper paraphrasing, when in fact it contains word-for-word plagiarism disguised within the paraphrasing.