Plagiarism Pattern: Linkless Loser

Definition

A linkless loser is a word-for-word plagiarizer who takes text from another author, who does use quotation marks to identify what has been taken and does include a locator, but who omits the rest of the in-text citation and the reference.

Original Source Material:

Five first principles are elaborated: (a) Learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems. (b) Learning is promoted when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge. (c) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner. (d) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is applied by the learner. (e) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.

Reference

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

 

Student Version:

"Learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems, ... existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge, ... new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, ... new knowledge is applied by the learner, and ... when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world" (p. 43).



For a Certification Test item that is similar to this pattern, the correct answer is:

  •  
  • Word-for-word plagiarism
      Paraphrasing plagiarism
      Not plagiarism
    Explanation: Correct Version: Not plagiarized

    The student version is word-for-word plagiarism because seven or more words are copied from the source, and quotation marks are used along with the locator. But the remainder of the in-text citation with the author and date is missing, and the full bibliographic reference is omitted.

    Merrill (2002) claims that "learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems, ... existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge, ... new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, ... new knowledge is applied by the learner, and ... when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world" (p. 43).

    Reference

    Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

     

    See full list of plagiarism patterns.