Plagiarism Pattern: Devious Dupe

Definition

A devious dupe is a word-for-word plagiarist who takes text from the original source with no proper acknowledgement. Another part of the text taken is properly quoted and cited, as it should be, giving the appearance of a correct quote.

Original Source Material:

Five first principles are elaborated: (a) Learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems. (b) Learning is promoted when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge. (c) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner. (d) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is applied by the learner. (e) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.

Reference

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

 

Student Version:

Merrill (2002) claims that learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems. He further says, "existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge, ... new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, ... new knowledge is applied by the learner, and ... when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world" (2002, p. 43).

Reference

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.



For a Certification Test item that is similar to this pattern, the correct answer is:

  •  
  • Word-for-word plagiarism
      Paraphrasing plagiarism
      Not plagiarism
    Explanation: Correct Version: Not plagiarized

    The student version is word-for-word plagiarism because seven or more words are copied from the source, and there are no quotation marks around this text. While the remainder of the text taken has quotation marks around it and includes the in-text citation with the author, date, and locator, and reference, some of the text is still plagiarized.

    Merrill (2002, p. 43) claims that "learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems." He further says, "existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge, ... new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, ... new knowledge is applied by the learner, and ... when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world" (2002, p. 43).

    Reference

    Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

     

    See full list of plagiarism patterns.