Plagiarism Pattern: Double Trouble

Definition

A double trouble plagiarizer is a word-for-word plagiarist who takes text from another author, fails to use quotation marks to identify what has been taken, omits the full in-text citation, omits the reference, and is also a paraphrasing plagiarist who summarizes the author's words without proper acknowlegement.

Original Source Material:

Five first principles are elaborated: (a) Learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems. (b) Learning is promoted when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge. (c) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner. (d) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is applied by the learner. (e) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.

Reference

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

 

Student Version:

Learning is promoted when first principles of instruction are implemented. Students should solve authentic problems, arranged from simple to complex. For each problem, existing knowledge should first be activated, then new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, new knowledge is applied by the learner, and new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.

Reference

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.



For a Certification Test item that is similar to this pattern, the correct answer is:

  •  
  • Word-for-word plagiarism
      Paraphrasing plagiarism
      Not plagiarism
    Explanation: Correct Version: Not plagiarized

    The student version is word-for-word plagiarism because seven or more words are copied from the source, quotation marks, and the in-text citation with the author, date, and locator are missing. It is also paraphrasing plagiarism because ideas are taken without proper acknowledgement of the source. Nonetheless, the reference was provided.

    If double trouble plagiarism occurs on the test, select word-for-word.

    Merrill (2002) claims that learning is promoted when first principles of instruction are implemented. Students should solve authentic problems, arranged from simple to complex. For each problem, existing knowledge should first be activated, then "new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, ... new knowledge is applied by the learner, and ... new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world" (p. 43).

    Reference

    Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

     

    See full list of plagiarism patterns.